What is Lynparza (olaparib) for?
Lynparza (olaparib) is indicated a poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor for the treatment of people with:
ovarian, fallopian tube or primary peritoneal cancer
for the maintenance treatment of adult patients with recurrent epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube or primary peritoneal cancer, who are in a complete or partial response to platinum-based chemotherapy1,2,3
for the treatment of adult patients with deleterious or suspected deleterious germline BRCA-mutated (gBRCAm) advanced ovarian cancer who have been treated with three or more prior lines of chemotherapy1
in patients with deleterious or suspected deleterious gBRCAm, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative metastatic breast cancer who have previously been treated with chemotherapy1.
How does Lynparza (olaparib) work?
PARP enzymes take part in normal cellular functions, including the transcription and repair of DNA. In healthy cells, the reparation of DNA can happen via alternative mechanisms which do not involve the PAPR enzymes. These mechanisms require BRCA1 and BRCA2 proteins. Cancer cells with a mutation in BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes are not able to use these alternative mechanisms to repair their DNA, thus, when the remaining mechanism available (PARP enzymes mediated repair) is blocked by a PARP inhibitor such as olaparib, the damaged DNA in cancer cells cannot be repaired, and as a result, the cancer cells die6,1. In this way, Lynparza (olaparib) helps in the elimination of cancer cells.
BRCA gene mutations occur in approximately 15 to 20% of patients with ovarian cancer4, approximately 20 to 25% of patients with hereditary breast cancers and 5 to 10% of patients with any type of breast cancer8. Although normally BRCA genes are involved in the reparation of damaged DNA and thus work to prevent tumour development when mutations in these genes can lead to the formation of tumours.
Where has Lynparza (olaparib) been approved?
Lynparza (olaparib) was approved by:
European Medical Agency (EMA), European Union (January 9, 20156) and Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA), Australia (January 7, 20167):
monotherapy for the maintenance treatment of adult patients with platinum-sensitive relapsed BRCA-mutated high grade serous epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer who are in response (complete response or partial response) to platinum-based chemotherapy2,3.
Please note that this medicine may have also been approved in other regions than the ones we’ve listed. If you have a question about its approval in a specific country feel free to contact our support team.
Maintenance therapy is the treatment of cancer typically following an initial round of treatment. It is usually given to patients whose cancer is undetectable after previous treatment, and it thus aims at either slowing the cancer's return or lengthening the life of patients with advanced cancer10.
How is Lynparza (olaparib) taken?
The standard dosage of Lynparza (olaparib) capsules is:
The standard dosage of Lynparza (olaparib) tablets is:
Please note that we’re unable to source Lynparza (olaparib) tablets due to import regulation restrictions.
Complete information about Lynparza (olaparib) dosage and administration can be found in the official prescribing information listed in our resources section1,2,3.
Lynparza (olaparib) is available as capsules (USA, European Union, Australia) and tablets (USA only). There are differences in the dosing and absorption in the body of each formulation. Tablets and capsules are thus not interchangeable.
Note: Please consult with your treating doctor for personalised dosing.
Are there any known adverse reactions or side effects of Lynparza (olaparib)?
Common adverse reactions
The most common adverse reactions listed in the prescribing information include1,2,3:
Serious adverse reactions
The serious adverse reactions listed in the prescribing information include1,2,3:
Myelodysplastic syndrome/acute myeloid leukemia (MDS/AML) occurred in less than 1.5% of patients and the majority of events had a fatal outcome. All patients had potential contributing factors (previous chemotherapy with platinum agents and/or other DNA damaging agents including radiotherapy)
Pneumonitis occurred in less than 1% of patients exposed to Lynparza, and were in some cases fatal.
Use in specific populations
Lynparza (olaparib) could cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Lynparza should not be used during pregnancy and reliable contraception should be used during therapy and for 1 month after receiving the last dose of Lynparza. Breastfeeding whilst taking Lynparza is not advised1,2,3.
For a comprehensive list of side effects and adverse reactions please refer to the official prescribing information1,2,3.